Diabetes Care Guidelines

It is recommended by the American Diabetes Association that you have the following tests done to help monitor your diabetes. Talk with your doctor to learn more.

A1C (glycated hemoglobin) - should be completed 2-4 times per year to measure your total blood sugar control over the last 3-month period. Goal is less than 7%.

Blood Pressure - check your risk for heart and stroke problems. Goal is less than 130/80.

Lipid Profile (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides) - should be completed once per year. Looks at blood fats that may increase risk of heart problems. Goal for total cholesterol is less than 200; LDL less than 100; HDL greater than 50 in women and 40 in men; triglycerides less than 150.

Microalbumin (urine sample) - should be completed once per year. Checks for very early kidney changes that may lead to later problems.

Dilated Retinal Eye Exam - should be completed once per year. Checks for early eye changes, which may lead to later problems.

Foot Exam - should be checked four times per year by your doctor. Checks for foot, nerve, and circulatory problems. Learn how to check your own feet daily by asking your doctor.